AQCS, Surface Lining for Power Plants

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2015年12月9日 星期三

SURFACE PROTECTION LINING SYSTEM 表面防蝕塗襯系統介紹












SURFACE PROTECTION LINING SYSTEM
表面防蝕塗襯系統介紹
本文發表者(Publisher): HBW Enterprise Co., 合保旺企業有限公司
Date: 2015, Nov.
主題(Subject): 如何認識防蝕與其應用於各別製造業(How to realize the corrosion protection system on particular industries)
A.      Preface(前言)


HBW Enterprise Co., (www.hbwcorp.com.tw) has been involving the selling of European technologies for various industries, such as Waste Water Treatment, Metallurgical Industry, Petrochemical and Chemical Plants, Air Pollution Control System and Municipal Waste Recycling and Incineration Systems for latest 30 years in this Island, more or less of these fields do involve the corrosive media and anti-pollution solutions frequently.
The different industrial process to handle the manufacturing procedures with critical working environment and chemical resistance/impact for saving energy, enlarge production yield rate, reducing pollutants/by-product and meeting standards of emission/effluent being the keys/targets of modern technologies, there is success or failure from process selection to lead to optimal operation or negative performance, HBW is searching the most beneficial technologies every day for Taiwanese clients always, meanwhile HBW also has devoted itself to search least environmental impact technologies which are still competent and in art for mass/continuous production, but the surface protection of corrosive area in various production facilities is the serious issue to all industries, from paining then coating and finally lining are different grade to protect surface of process facilities from corrosion and erosion , HBW has learned the requirements of surface protection and application procedures via the representing roles with these famous engineering consulting companies such as DNV, Lurgi, Theyssen and Shell
The major surface lining in industries contains flake lining, rubber lining and brick lining, there are respective characteristics and variable environmental conditions or circumstances, and economical selections to decide the type of lining, Rema Tip Top GmbH has developed its surface lining material for two decades, their specialty provides the reliable surface lining for all industries per German standards and highest quality, users may give the task to Rema Tip Top(RTT) for sufficient surface lining without any hesitation, because RTT will only return the demand just in cost effective and technical manner lining!
HBW represents RTT lining material since 2006, we have developed the FGD, Pulp & Paper and Steel sectors for 10 years, plus HBW’s involvement in environmental market for 25 years , we summarize the application of surface lining as below for the initial introduction.
合保旺企業有限公司 (www.hbwcorp.com.tw) 最近的 30 年內在這個島上, 已參與銷售各行業之歐洲工程技術,如廢水處理、 冶金工業、 石化和化工廠、 空氣污染控制系統和民生廢棄物回收利用和焚燒系統,這些工程或多或少皆頻繁地涉及腐蝕性介質和防污染解決方案。

不同的工業程序來處理製造程式與關鍵的工作環境和化學抵抗衝擊,對節約能源,擴大生產良率,減少污染物/副產品和達標排放廢氣/污水,皆被認為是關鍵/目標的現代技術,有成功或失敗從工藝選擇會導致最優操作或負面生產實績,合保旺企業有限公司是為臺灣客戶每天尋找最有益的技術,同時合保旺也一直致力於搜索(為台灣各界客戶),至少環境衝擊影響小,技術工藝仍可以勝任為大量/連續生產製程,但表面防護的各種生產設施腐蝕區是所有行業之課題,從油漆到然後塗料和最後內襯是嚴重的問題,不同等級保護表面的腐蝕和侵蝕過程設施,合保旺公司經由代理角色,學會了與這些著名的工程諮詢公司挪威船級社、 魯奇、 Theyssen SHELL等的表面保護和施塗程序
工業界主要的表面塗襯包含鱗片襯裡、 橡膠襯裡和磁磚襯,有各自的特點和環境條件變數或情況下,而經濟的選擇決定的襯砌類型,Rema 頂尖公司 GmbH 二幾十年來開發了其表面襯板材料,自己的專業特長提供了可靠的面襯給予各行各業,符合德國標準和最高品質,顧客使用者沒有任何猶豫,會把任務交給 Rema TIP Top(RTT) 表面塗襯,因為 RTT 將只依據成本效益及技術,回報顧客需求,提供最可靠的塗襯系統!



合保旺公司代表 RTT 襯裡材料自 2006 年以來,我們已經代理 10 年,再加上合保旺公司的參與環境工程約 25 ,多年開發煙氣脫硫、 制漿造紙和鋼鐵行業,我們總結以下的表面塗襯作為初步介紹塗襯在工業界的應用/參考。 
A-1:RTT family: TIP TOP, SKO, Asplit集團3成員
A-2: Lining for waste water process 廢水澄清池clarifier/thickener/sedimentation濃縮沉澱池




A.      Fertilizer(肥料工業)
The winning of phosphates for the fertilizer industry is achieved in processes where rocks containing phosphates are decomposed at high temperatures and under vacuum. The phosphates that are thereby produced as intermediate products are subjected to in-process storage prior to refinement to fertilisers. The high acidity and solid content of the sulphuric acids used in this process place the highest demands on the bonding of the lining systems, especially at high temperatures. REMA TIP TOP has supplied the proven rubber lining systems required for many years and all over the world. They are supplemented by types based on bromobutyl or butyl compounds (CHEMOLINE) and hard rubber lining (CHEMONIT) that can be applied on-site. Furthermore, the product range is rounded off by TIP TOP LINING systems for concrete protection in collecting basins, channels and pits, as well as coatings for protection against atmospheric pollution (COROPUR).

磷酸鹽化肥工業的長處是在岩石含磷酸鹽,其成份分解只在高溫和真空條件下的過程中才實現的。磷酸鹽從而產生作為中間產品,受到過程中存儲之前細化到化肥。高酸度和固體含量的硫酸在此過程中使用對襯裡系統,尤其是在高溫粘接地方最高的要求。REMA TIP TOP 提供了驗證過的必要橡膠襯裡系統已經很多年,在世界各地。他們進一步以基於丁基或丁基化合物 (CHEMOLINE) 的類型,皆可以在現場施作的硬質橡膠襯裡 (CHEMONIT)。此外,產品範圍由RTT襯系統之收集池、 管道和凹坑,以及防止大氣環境污染之塗層保護混凝土 (COROPUR系列)
肥料成品槽之防蝕內襯





B.      Food Industry(食品工業)
The composition of jointless REMA TIP TOP lining systems comply with most food laws so that they are highly appropriate for use in the food industry. Their smooth and impenetrable surface is dirt-repellent, hygienic and particularly easy to clean. REMA TIP TOP lining systems replace expensive lining materials such as enamel or brickwork. Typical applications in the food industry include the lining of process and storage tanks for starch production, storage tanks and secondary containment for chemicals, water treatment systems and fermenters for the brewing industry.
無縫隙表面 REMA TIP TOP 襯裡系統組成符合大多數食品法規使它們非常適合使用在食品工業中。他們平順和無滲透的襯裡表面是防止污垢、 衛生、 尤其是易於清潔。REMA TIP TOP 襯系統取代昂貴的襯裡材料,如搪瓷或瓷磚砌裡。在食品工業中的典型應用包括過程和澱粉生產的儲存罐、 儲存罐和化學品、 水處理系統和發酵釀造工業的二次容器襯裡。
preparation piping調配機及管路
無菌室防污地板噴塗聚脲脂
無縫塗襯食品處理設備
一貫化食品廠塗襯防止龜裂污染食材





C.      Petrochemical industry(石化工業)
The petrochemical industry is occupied with the preparation of hydrocarbons from the raw materials crude oil and natural gas, whereby intermediate products are used for the production of plastics and fuels. Because of the corrosiveness of petrochemical products, selected REMA TIP TOP lining systems based on vinyl ester, epoxy phenolic (COROFLAKE) or polyurea (REMACOAT) are applied to protect numerous refinery installations, such as storage tanks, separators, filter systems and pipelines. Appropriately approved polyurea systems (REMACOAT) are applied for secondary corrosion protection (catch basins, secondary containment, discharge and transfer installations). For the outer coating of storage tanks, pipelines and steel components, REMA TIP TOP offers coating materials based on moisture-hardening, single component polyurethanes (COROPUR).
石化行業佔領與烴類原料原油和天然氣,藉以中間產品用於生產塑膠和燃料的製備。由於腐蝕性的石化產品,選定的 REMA TIP TOP 襯系統基於乙烯基酯、 酚醛環氧樹脂 (COROFLAKE) 或聚脲 (REMACOAT) 用於保護眾多的煉油設施,儲存罐、 分離器、 過濾系統和管道等。適當地核准的聚脲系統 (REMACOAT) 被應用二次腐蝕防護 (集流池、 二次圍堵、 排放和轉化設施)REMA TIP TOP 以及儲罐、 管道、 鋼結構構件的外塗層,可提供濕態下立即養生硬化、 單組分聚氨酯 (COROPUR) 的塗層材料。







D.     Power Station(發電廠)
REMA TIP TOP supplies coating and rubber lining materials for various areas in modern power stations that operate with fossil fuels, such as semi-anthracite coal and brown coal. The centrepiece of the environmental protection facility, the flue-gas desulphurisation plant with the slurry tanks together, is protected against corrosion with lining systems designed for the special conditions of the various components. REMA TIP TOP corrosion protection systems are distinguished not only by their excellent chemical resistance at high temperatures but also by their high resistance both to the permeation of water-vapour saturated clean gas and against abrasion by the particles in the slurry. For the corrosion protection of the plant according to the requirements of the customer, REMA TIP TOP can use pre-vulcanised or selfvulcanising rubber lining systems (CHEMOLINE) or trowel, spray or laminate lining systems (COROFLAKE, TIP TOP LINING). The materials are mostly applied on-site, but are however supplemented by components lined in the workshop, such as suspension piping, filter holders and agitators.
REMA TIP TOP提供鱗片塗層和橡膠襯裡的材料,用於這些化石燃料,包括燃料為半無菸煤和褐煤,來操作現代發電廠各個領域。環境保護設施的中心,與漿液槽一起煙道氣脫硫工廠中,防腐蝕保護與設計的各種部件的特殊條件襯裡系統。 REMA TIP TOP腐蝕保護系統是有區別的,不僅通過優良的耐化學性在高溫下也可以通過高阻隔水蒸氣飽和氣體的滲透和免受磨蝕,阻擋在淤漿中的銳邊顆粒。對於電廠客戶的要求,防腐蝕需求,REMA TIP TOP可以使用貼襯前已硫化或貼襯後自行硫化橡膠襯裡系統(CHEMOLINE)或改用鏝塗,噴塗或層淋膜襯裡系統(COROFLAKETIP TOP襯裡)。該材料主要應用於現場施作,並輔以廠房預塗/襯裡的標準部品元件,如跨越管道,過濾器支架和攪拌器。
煙囪防蝕內襯
waste water sedimentation basins
風煙道之內部防酸鹼塗襯

RC熱交換塔囪內部防蝕


E.      Chemical Industry(化學工業)
Hydrochloric acid, sulphuric acid, caustic soda solutions, methanol, methylene chloride, glycerol, acetates, dyes and urea are only some of the corrosive media that are met daily in chemical plants. Such plants can be successfully protected against corrosion with REMA TIP TOP lining systems. Our chemists select the optimal lining system for each case according to the particular prevailing operating conditions. The success of REMA TIP TOP lining systems is based on the many years of their usage in the chemical industry and our correspondingly highly experienced chemists. Should a case occur that has not been previously experienced, then it is simulated in our laboratories so that the suitable lining material can be determined.
鹽酸、 硫酸、 燒鹼溶液、 甲醇、 二氯甲烷、 甘油、 醋酸鹽、 染料、 尿素皆是化工廠每天都會遇到的腐蝕性介質。這種工廠只要使用REMA TIP TOP 裡襯系統,其設備可以成功保障免遭腐蝕。我們化學專家根據每個案例及特別的工況下,選擇最優裡襯系統的。REMA TIP TOP 襯系統的成功基於多年的化工行業和我們相應地具有豐富經驗的化學家及其用法。若是案例以前沒有經歷過,在我們的實驗室對其進行模擬比較,以確定合適的內襯材料。
 






F.       Mineral Process(冶礦製程)
The winning of metals such as nickel and copper is achieved by leaching them out of mineral ores by means of a multi-stage chemical process in liquid media containing sulphuric acid and with a high solids content. The medias are heated up to 100° C to increase solubility. The lining system must fulfil very high demands with respect to chemical resistance and have a good anti-abrasion behaviour. REMA TIP TOP offers vulcanised or self-vulcanising rubber lining systems (CHEMOLINE) for process tanks and fittings. They have proven themselves in practice for this purpose for more than two decades. REMA TIP TOP lining systems are predominately used to protect concrete areas in collecting basins.
鎳和銅等金屬的採掘必須經過淬浸過程,含鎳和銅礦石通過含有硫酸的介質中與高固體含量的多階段化學液體淬浸過程。含鎳和銅載體被加熱到 100 ° C 增加溶解度。裡襯系統必須俱備對耐化學品性要求很高,並有良好的抗磨損性。REMA TIP TOP 提供硫化或自然硫化 橡膠襯裡系統 (CHEMOLINE) 給桶槽與配管配件使用。他們已經證明自己在實績,經驗達二十多年以上。REMA TIP TOP 裡襯系統被多數客戶採用於保護收集水池的混凝土表面。
礦石洗煉設備之防蝕
酸鹼精煉製程,需要耐蝕塗料保護,

G.     Pulp and Paper 製漿抄紙工業
Alkaline and oxidising chemicals, as well as concentrated acids, are used in the production of paper and pulp. As most processes run at raised temperatures, there is also increased corrosive action on steel and concrete. REMA TIP TOP lining systems are resistant to changing temperatures with simultaneous corrosive attack. Their application in couch pits, Hollanders, tubs, nutsch filters and bleaching towers can provide long-term protection of these plant components. REMA TIP TOP lining systems replace expensive alloys and contribute to cost-savings in the paper and pulp industries.
鹼性和氧化性的化學物質,如濃酸,用於紙和紙漿的生產。當大多數流程運行在較高溫度時,也同步增加對鋼筋和混凝土的腐蝕作用。REMA TIP TOP 襯系統耐用同時腐蝕攻擊與溫度的變化。他們在伏轆池的應用坑,打漿機、打漿桶 nutsch 篩檢程式和漂白塔可以提供長期保護這些工廠設備。REMA TIP TOP 裡襯系統取代昂貴的合金表層材質,進而節約成本,在紙和紙漿工業作出貢獻。
木漿原料儲存倉Wood Chip Bin
漂白後洗漿過濾機Bleaching Filter
木漿蒸解釜 Continuous  digest
paper machine for printing paper抄紙機


H.     FGD(煙氣排煙脫硫系統)
Flue gas desulphurisation plants (FGD`s) have been installed in many countries. The wet scrubbing process is the leading technology in such plants. The Corrosive environments vary widely and the subsequent demands put on the linings accordingly. Such an FGD plant may require more than 4 different types of corrosion protection systems (see Typical Field of Application).
Tip Top offers today the most reliable and advanced corrosion protection systems for FGD plants, combined with competent consulting services to engineers, owners, plant operators and application companies.

The development of our products depends firstly on the designing of protection systems and then the testing of their performance with a wide variety of chemicals under different temperature gradients to duplicate actual service conditions.
在許多國家已安裝煙氣脫硫系統 (FGD)。濕法洗滌工法是目前現代化電廠廣泛使用的領先脫硫技術,。各種腐蝕性環境相差很大,所以因應不同腐蝕要求的個別裡襯需求。這種煙氣脫硫裝置可能需要超過 4 個不同類型的腐蝕保護系統 (參見典型的應用領域)

頂尖裡襯公司今天提供的最可靠、 最先進的腐蝕保護系統,煙氣脫硫裝置,並結合提供有力的諮詢服務給工程師、 業主、 操作員和施塗專業公司。


我們的產品的發展首先取決於保護系統的設計,然後測試他們各種各樣的化學物質在不同的溫度梯度,複製實際的服務條件下的表現。
Limestone Wet FGD by Bischoff 石灰石脫硫
Seawater FGD by Alstom海水法脫硫
德國萊茵河區電廠脫硫吸收槽大多採用橡膠內襯,丁基合成橡膠。
熱交換器轉子防蝕內櫬 flake lining on Rotor of GGH before erection(TPC Linkou FGD)





I.        Waste Water Treatment(廢水處理)
The activity of REMA TIP TOP in this environmental protection area is basically the supply of lining systems for the protection of aeration tanks, sludge thickeners, scrapers, waste-water piping and sedimentation baths. The economical benefit associated with the use of REMA TIP TOP lining systems is due to the technology that allows them to be also applied to wet concrete, together with their simple working and rapid hardening. These factors are not only beneficial in the case of new plants, but also reduce maintenance costs. The combination of the high chemical resistance of REMA TIP TOP lining systems and their good mechanical properties with low abrasion values result in very long service lives in industrial effluent treatment works.
REMA TIP TOP 在這一環境保護領域的作為,基本上是供應提供裡襯系統給以下的設備: 曝氣池、 污泥濃縮池、 刮泥沉降池、 廢水管道,沉降池系統。REMA TIP TOP 襯系統使用有關的經濟利益是允許他們也用於濕混凝土及其簡單工作和快速硬化技術。這些因素不僅有益在新廠方面,而且還減少維修費用。REMA TIP TOP 裡襯系統和其良好的高耐化學性、機械性能與低磨損值結果/組合,保證其裡襯系統在工業廢水處理工程有很長一段使用壽命。
澄清池混凝土表面塗襯Clarifier basins
曝氣渠道Aeration Channel lining
公共都市廢水處理場Municipal WWTP
石化廢水處理場Petrochemical WWTP